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How can Businesses Protect Themselves from Piracy Issue in China?

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Manish Jindal

December 5, 2023


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How can Businesses Protect Themselves from Piracy Issue in China?

China, with its vast market potential, is a goldmine for businesses. However, sometimes piracy occurs as well. Understanding this landscape is the first step.

Piracy isn’t just about copying products; it’s about replicating business models, branding, and even marketing strategies.

This article provides valuable information on how can businesses protect themselves from piracy issue in China.

China’s Evolution in Intellectual Property Protection

Historically, capitalist societies have championed intellectual property (IP) to safeguard ideas and spur innovation.

China, with its state-planned economy, prioritised state interests over individual rights, often sidelining IP.

However, the late 1970s marked a shift. Embracing market reforms, China recognised the need for robust IP protection to support its new direction.

This led to the introduction of domestic IP laws and the joining of global IP treaties.

Yet, challenges persisted. Despite the central government’s commitment to IP, regional authorities hesitated, fearing economic repercussions.

Surprisingly, foreign entities benefited more from these new IP laws than local businesses.

Moreover, counterfeiting and piracy were integral to local economies, offering jobs and revenue.

A stringent anti-counterfeit stance could destabilise these economies, a gamble local officials avoided.

Additionally, the swift legal evolution brought its own issues. While laws were quickly established, the judiciary grappled with interpreting and enforcing this fresh legislation.

IP Protection in Modern China

China’s commitment to Intellectual Property (IP) protection has seen remarkable progress since the 1990s.

The surge in litigation is a testament to this, with Chinese courts handling over 17,000 IP cases in 2007 alone, dwarfing the UK’s 400 in the same year.

Foreign entities are increasingly finding success in asserting their rights.

A notable instance was Starbucks’ victory against Xingbake in 2006, emphasising the need for multilingual trademark registrations.

Recent rulings further underscore China’s dedication to IP rights. Yamaha’s £580,000 award in 2007 marked the highest for a foreign entity in a trademark infringement case.

Similarly, Diageo’s win against Blueblood (Shanghai) Wine Co in 2008 highlighted the courts’ commitment.

In a single day, the Shanghai court delivered verdicts on 13 IP cases, most involving global companies like 3M and Honda.

Coca-Cola’s acknowledgment in 2007, after successfully registering its iconic bottle design in China, further solidifies the nation’s evolving stance on IP protection.

Suggested Reading: How can You Protect Yourself from Intellectual Piracy

How to Safeguard Your Brand in China

Navigating the Chinese market can be daunting, especially with concerns about piracy.

However, even if you’re hesitant about operating in China, it’s crucial to have a brand protection strategy. Here’s a step-by-step guide to ensure your brand remains secure:

Early Trade Mark Registration

China’s trade mark system is based on ‘first to file’, not ‘first to use’. This means you should register your business name, brand, and logos even before entering the market. While well-known foreign marks do receive protection, the definition of “well-known” can vary regionally.

Before diving in, conduct thorough searches for existing trademarks.

If a similar mark exists, consider negotiating its purchase. This can be more cost-effective than litigation. Moreover, early registration prevents your brand from becoming generic, which can make it unregistrable.

Understand Territorial Registration

Trademarks in China are territorial. To secure your brand, you must register within China. Remember, separate registrations are needed for Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan.

A registered trademark not only proves ownership but also empowers customs officials to seize counterfeit products, a potent weapon against piracy.

Collaborate with External IP Service Providers and Industry Associations

Collaborate with IP-focused industry associations to share best practices and pinpoint infringements. Formulate collective strategies to address concerns.

Establish connections with IP service providers, ensuring they adhere to Chinese regulations.

Engage with local and national media to manage potential negative publicity from IP disputes against local firms.

Dual Language Trade Mark Registration

Given the linguistic landscape of China, it’s wise to register your trademark in both English and Chinese.

The Starbucks/Xingbake case underscores the importance of this dual registration to avoid costly legal battles.

Since a significant portion of the Chinese populace communicates primarily in Chinese, they might create their own version of a foreign brand name, which might not align with your brand’s image. Local legal advice can be invaluable here.

Chinese-speaking lawyers can adeptly translate foreign marks either phonetically or based on the inherent meaning of the brand name.

Balance Global IP Protection with Opportunities in the Chinese Market for Transferring or Licensing IP

Evaluate the pros and cons of transferring IP to China, considering global protection needs.

Often, this involves retaining critical designs abroad and only transferring IP essential for in-country operations.

When drafting technology transfer and licensing agreements, address royalty rates and ownership clauses, understanding that China’s legal perspective on ownership and liability differs.

Also, note that China often has lower royalty rates compared to other markets. Ensure technology licensing contracts comply with the Ministry of Commerce’s regulations on technology imports and exports.

Regular Monitoring

Consistent surveillance for potential brand infringements is essential.

While smaller businesses might do monthly checks for cybersquatters, larger entities might have dedicated teams or employ third-party services.

Monitoring doesn’t necessarily mean hefty expenses.

Free online tools and access to national trade mark registries can help spot brand transgressors promptly.

Employee Education

The understanding of brand value and potential infringements is relatively low among the Chinese. For businesses employing a Chinese workforce, it’s crucial to emphasise the importance of IP protection.

Employees should view the brand as a treasured asset deserving protection.

Choose Your Jurisdiction Wisely

When licensing your brand or product in China, consider specifying an alternative jurisdiction for dispute resolution in the agreement.

Hong Kong, with its efficient court process, might be an ideal choice. Additionally, ponder over in-country enforcement strategies.

Harness Enforcement Mechanisms

Upon detecting a brand infringement, businesses have robust avenues to enforce their IP rights in China. There are two primary enforcement paths: administrative and judicial.

The administrative route is often the first choice, allowing brand owners to assert their rights without court involvement. It’s faster, cost-effective, and can result in fines for the infringer. However, it doesn’t offer damages to the brand owner.

The judicial route mirrors the Western system, where the brand owner litigates against the infringer. Remedies can include damages and injunctions. Due to its speed, flexibility, and minimised risk of negative publicity, the administrative route is generally favored.

Proactively addressing infringements can deter potential violators. As more businesses utilise China’s legal framework, it’s expected to become even more efficient.

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With China’s plans to enhance the IP tribunal system, especially beyond Shanghai and Beijing, brand owners can anticipate even stronger support in safeguarding their rights.

The Importance of Local Partnerships in Navigating China’s Piracy Landscape

In the realm of international business, understanding the piracy situation in China is paramount.

Local partnerships with Chinese companies become crucial for foreign companies aiming to navigate this challenging landscape.

China’s market is vast, but piracy issues can lead to counterfeit and defective products, posing risks to consumers and companies alike.

Collaborating with local partners enables foreign businesses to tap into local expertise and insights.

It helps in implementing effective anti-counterfeiting measures and taking necessary actions against piracy.

Navigating China’s intellectual property laws can be complex, but local partnerships provide valuable guidance in protecting authentic products and upholding Intellectual Property Rights.

These partnerships foster trust and cooperation, creating a safer environment for businesses and consumers alike.

Address IP Infringement Proactively

  1. Engage with Infringers Directly:
    • Issue cease-and-desist letters to halt small-scale infringements. However, be cautious as this might alert infringers to change their operations, making evidence collection challenging.
  2. Collaborate with Online Platforms:
    • Partner with platforms like Alibaba and Taobao to remove fake products and shut down infringing sites.
  3. Build a Strong Case:
    • Thoroughly review internal documents to establish infringement, prioritising official documents as they hold more weight in China.
    • Employ trusted IP investigative firms to gather evidence legally.
    • Strategise on where to file the case, ensuring evidence aligns.
  4. Use Official Enforcement Avenues:
    • Evaluate the best channels (administrative, civil, criminal) to address infringement, considering resources, timelines, and each channel’s efficacy.
    • Engage local authorities, highlighting the broader implications like public health or product safety, to emphasise the case’s importance.
    • Consider filing in jurisdictions known for better IP enforcement outcomes.

Impact of Piracy on Businesses Operating in China

Piracy poses a significant challenge for businesses operating in China. It impacts intellectual property standards and threatens the interests of content owners.

The black market for counterfeit goods in China hinders fair competition and affects legitimate businesses.

Businesses face hurdles in combating piracy and protecting their intellectual property.

It restricts access to genuine products and audiovisual content, limiting potential revenue streams.

Piracy issues often stem from the destination country’s lax enforcement of copyright laws.

To thrive in China’s market, businesses must prioritise anti-piracy efforts, engage with local authorities, and advocate for stronger intellectual property standards.

Addressing piracy not only safeguards their interests but also ensures consumers have access to products that are authentic.


In the face of China’s piracy challenges, businesses must adopt a multifaceted approach to protect themselves.

This includes strengthening intellectual property rights, engaging with local authorities, and advocating for stricter enforcement.

Establishing partnerships with local entities and using technology to monitor unauthorised use of intellectual property can also deter piracy.

Businesses that prioritise these strategies not only safeguard their interests but also contribute to creating a more secure environment for intellectual property in China, fostering fair competition and innovation.


What role does intellectual property rights law play in protecting businesses in China?

Intellectual property rights law provides a legal framework for protecting businesses’ intellectual property, trademarks, patents, and copyrights in China.

How can businesses distinguish genuine luxury products from counterfeit ones?

Businesses can distinguish genuine luxury products by closely examining product quality, packaging, and purchasing from authorised retailers.

What should be the basis for businesses’ strategies to combat piracy in China?

A strong basis for businesses’ strategies to combat piracy in China should include comprehensive market research, IP protection measures, and cooperation with local authorities.

How can businesses take action against counterfeiters operating in China?

Businesses can take legal action against counterfeiters by pursuing civil or criminal cases, reporting violations to local authorities, and collaborating with anti-counterfeiting organisations.

What are some effective enforcement measures to protect intellectual property in the Chinese market?

Effective enforcement measures include monitoring the market for counterfeit goods, conducting raids and investigations, and engaging with Chinese authorities to enforce intellectual property rights.

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